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人大副校长吴晓球:如何构建现代经济体系及相应的现代金融体系?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年12月10日 04:27:28
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腾讯分分彩龙虎和注册平台直招龙虎代理客服QQ/微信【421618535】诚招代理【在线开户网址um996.com】龙虎和龙虎1赔2.211合1赔9.95,定位胆1赔9.95腾讯分分彩,5分,10分彩,最高返水100反9快,最高赔率,正规信誉大平台平台24h提供注册及登录。人大副校长吴晓球:如何构建现代经济体系及相应的现代金融体系?

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(第)(二)(,现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(一)(定)(是)(绿)(色)(的)(、能)(体)(现)(出)(生)(态)(文)(明)(的)(经)(济)(体)(系)(。过)(去)(40年)(来)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(保)(持)(了)(高)(速)(增)(长)(,这)(个)(高)(速)(增)(长)(的)(一)(个)(显)(著)(特)(征)(就)(是)(它)(的)(外)(延)(性)(,对)(自)(然)(资)(源)(的)(过)(度)(耗)(竭)(、过)(度)(使)(用)(。自)(然)(资)(源)(和)(人)(口)(红)(利)(以)(及)(我)(国)(制)(度)(改)(革)(所)(焕)(发)(出)(来)(的)(动)(力)(等)(多)(方)(面)(因)(素)(共)(同)(推)(动)(了)(中)(国)(经)(济)(增)(长)(。其)(中)(自)(然)(资)(源)(和)(人)(口)(红)(利)(对)(经)(济)(增)(长)(的)(推)(动)(作)(用)(是)(明)(显)(的)(、不)(可)(否)(认)(的)(。
过)(去)(很)(长)(时)(间)(里)(,我)(们)(的)(一)(些)(主)(导)(产)(业)(与)(自)(然)(资)(源)(高)(度)(相)(关)(。现)(在)(的)(中)(国)(已)(经)(不)(能)(够)(承)(受)(如)(此)(大)(规)(模)(经)(济)(体)(对)(自)(然)(资)(源)(的)(消)(耗)(,这)(种)(经)(济)(发)(展)(模)(式)(使)(得)(我)(们)(的)(生)(态)(环)(境)(、生)(存)(环)(境)(受)(到)(了)(严)(重)(破)(坏)(和)(威)(胁)(,所)(以)(绿)(色)(的)(、与)(自)(然)(环)(境)(相)(协)(调)(的)(、生)(态)(文)(明)(的)(经)(济)(体)(系)(是)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(的)(第)(二)(个)(构)(成)(要)(素)(。
第)(三)(,未)(来)(中)(国)(经)(济)(体)(系)(应)(该)(更)(多)(地)(追)(求)(经)(济)(增)(长)(质)(量)(而)(不)(是)(数)(量)(,也)(就)(是)(说)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(追)(求)(的)(将)(是)(质)(量)(和)(效)(率)(。党)(的)(“十)(九)(大)(”报)(告)(对)(到)(2050年)(中)(国)(的)(发)(展)(战)(略)(制)(订)(了)(两)(步)(走)(的)(战)(略)(,其)(中)(没)(有)(使)(用)(过)(去)(的)(百)(分)(之)(多)(少)(或)(者)(翻)(几)(番)(的)(增)(长)(目)(标)(。这)(表)(明)(,我)(们)(需)(要)(一)(个)(相)(对)(稳)(定)(的)(增)(长)(,更)(需)(要)(一)(个)(高)(质)(量)(、高)(效)(率)(的)(经)(济)(结)(构)(和)(经)(济)(体)(系)(。现)(行)(经)(济)(体)(系)(的)(社)(会)(福)(利)(水)(平)(需)(要)(改)(善)(。我)(们)(过)(去)(一)(方)(面)(追)(求)(GDP的)(增)(长)(速)(度)(,另)(一)(方)(面)(追)(求)(税)(收)(、财)(政)(收)(入)(的)(增)(长)(。虽)(然)(财)(政)(收)(入)(增)(长)(对)(一)(个)(国)(家)(非)(常)(重)(要)(,但)(是)(社)(会)(在)(经)(济)(增)(长)(中)(享)(受)(到)(的)(福)(利)(水)(平)(更)(重)(要)(。所)(以)(,我)(们)(所)(追)(求)(的)(经)(济)(增)(长)(应)(该)(提)(升)(全)(社)(会)(的)(福)(利)(水)(平)(,使)(全)(社)(会)(享)(受)(到)(经)(济)(增)(长)(所)(带)(来)(的)(生)(活)(改)(善)(和)(生)(活)(质)(量)(提)(升)(。实)(际)(上)(,这)(就)(暗)(含)(着)(经)(济)(体)(系)(中)(与)(人)(民)(生)(活)(密)(切)(相)(关)(的)(产)(业)(,比)(如)(养)(老)(、健)(康)(、医)(疗)(、教)(育)(等)(,应)(该)(有)(更)(好)(发)(展)(。简)(单)(追)(求)(增)(长)(速)(度)(,而)(使)(我)(们)(的)(生)(活)(环)(境)(恶)(化)(肯)(定)(不)(是)(我)(们)(所)(需)(要)(的)(。
第)(四)(,中)(国)(所)(要)(构)(建)(的)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(一)(定)(是)(市)(场)(化)(的)(,而)(不)(是)(政)(府)(主)(导)(的)(。我)(们)(不)(希)(望)(也)(不)(会)(回)(到)(计)(划)(经)(济)(时)(代)(,计)(划)(经)(济)(没)(有)(任)(何)(优)(势)(,计)(划)(经)(济)(严)(重)(扼)(杀)(了)(经)(济)(活)(力)(。所)(谓)(的)(基)(于)(大)(数)(据)(的)(计)(划)(经)(济)(作)(为)(一)(种)(经)(济)(制)(度)(同)(样)(是)(不)(可)(取)(的)(。现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(一)(定)(是)(市)(场)(化)(的)(、相)(互)(竞)(争)(的)(,同)(时)(也)(是)(开)(放)(的)(。中)(国)(所)(构)(建)(的)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(绝)(对)(不)(是)(封)(闭)(的)(,它)(会)(沿)(着)(更)(加)(开)(放)(的)(方)(向)(使)(中)(国)(经)(济)(与)(全)(球)(经)(济)(融)(为)(一)(体)(,成)(为)(全)(球)(经)(济)(中)(的)(重)(要)(组)(成)(部)(分)(。从)(某)(种)(意)(义)(上)(说)(,中)(国)(经)(济)(未)(来)(应)(该)(对)(全)(球)(经)(济)(起)(着)(某)(种)(引)(领)(作)(用)(。
第)(五)(,在)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(中)(起)(基)(础)(作)(用)(的)(是)(以)(现)(代)(制)(造)(业)(与)(现)(代)(装)(备)(业)(为)(代)(表)(的)(实)(体)(经)(济)(,但)(起)(核)(心)(作)(用)(的)(一)(定)(是)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(。我)(们)(所)(要)(构)(建)(的)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(与)(以)(前)(传)(统)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(差)(别)(在)(于)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(在)(中)(国)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(中)(的)(作)(用)(将)(会)(比)(以)(往)(任)(何)(时)(候)(都)(更)(重)(要)(,金)(融)(在)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(中)(的)(核)(心)(作)(用)(将)(更)(加)(突)(出)(。现)(在)(我)(们)(还)(不)(能)(说)(中)(国)(金)(融)(业)(已)(经)(成)(为)(中)(国)(经)(济)(的)(核)(心)(,而)(且)(即)(便)(成)(为)(核)(心)(,也)(不)(意)(味)(着)(中)(国)(金)(融)(可)(以)(脱)(离)(实)(体)(经)(济)(而)(发)(展)(。在)(整)(个)(经)(济)(运)(行)(和)(资)(源)(配)(置)(过)(程)(中)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(发)(挥)(主)(导)(性)(作)(用)(,但)(是)(金)(融)(创)(新)(不)(能)(脱)(实)(向)(虚)(、自)(我)(循)(环)(、虚)(假)(繁)(荣)(。同)(时)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(对)(中)(国)(经)(济)(持)(续)(稳)(定)(增)(长)(、对)(降)(低)(中)(国)(经)(济)(风)(险)(会)(有)(很)(好)(的)(促)(进)(作)(用)(。现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(核)(心)(是)(分)(散)(和)(管)(理)(风)(险)(,使)(实)(体)(经)(济)(和)(金)(融)(风)(险)(处)(在)(一)(个)(合)(理)(配)(置)(的)(状)(态)(。
现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(三)(特)(征)(
在)(吴)(晓)(球)(看)(来)(,作)(为)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(核)(心)(和)(基)(石)(的)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(则)(主)(要)(有)(三)(个)(方)(面)(的)(特)(征)(:
第)(一)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(是)(高)(度)(市)(场)(化)(的)(。金)(融)(资)(源)(是)(越)(来)(越)(多)(地)(通)(过)(市)(场)(来)(配)(置)(,而)(不)(是)(通)(过)(机)(构)(来)(配)(置)(,当)(前)(金)(融)(体)(系)(中)(金)(融)(脱)(媒)(的)(力)(量)(比)(以)(往)(任)(何)(时)(候)(都)(更)(加)(强)(烈)(。金)(融)(不)(脱)(媒)(,中)(国)(金)(融)(的)(现)(代)(化)(就)(完)(成)(不)(了)(,只)(有)(通)(过)(市)(场)(的)(力)(量)(才)(可)(以)(实)(现)(金)(融)(的)(脱)(媒)(和)(现)(代)(化)(。金)(融)(体)(系)(现)(代)(化)(的)(重)(要)(标)(志)(就)(是)(在)(全)(社)(会)(金)(融)(资)(产)(结)(构)(中)(,证)(券)(化)(金)(融)(资)(产)(的)(比)(重)(不)(断)(提)(升)(,证)(券)(化)(金)(融)(资)(产)(的)(规)(模)(不)(断)(扩)(大)(,这)(意)(味)(着)(金)(融)(体)(系)(将)(从)(原)(来)(的)(以)(融)(资)(为)(主)(要)(功)(能)(逐)(步)(过)(渡)(到)(融)(资)(和)(财)(富)(管)(理)(并)(重)(的)(时)(代)(,这)(是)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(功)(能)(演)(变)(的)(基)(本)(趋)(势)(。我)(们)(现)(在)(的)(金)(融)(体)(系)(之)(所)(以)(还)(不)(是)(现)(代)(的)(,是)(因)(为)(功)(能)(上)(是)(落)(后)(的)(,财)(富)(管)(理)(的)(功)(能)(非)(常)(弱)(,证)(券)(化)(金)(融)(资)(产)(的)(规)(模)(和)(比)(重)(都)(相)(对)(较)(小)(。所)(以)(,要)(通)(过)(市)(场)(力)(量)(,通)(过)(脱)(媒)(的)(力)(量)(提)(升)(中)(国)(金)(融)(的)(功)(能)(,使)(金)(融)(从)(相)(对)(单)(一)(的)(融)(资)(功)(能)(过)(渡)(到)(融)(资)(与)(财)(富)(管)(理)(的)(并)(重)(。
第)(二)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(一)(定)(是)(高)(科)(技)(的)(金)(融)(体)(系)(,科)(技)(对)(金)(融)(的)(渗)(透)(将)(会)(比)(以)(往)(任)(何)(时)(候)(更)(加)(强)(烈)(、更)(加)(明)(显)(。金)(融)(与)(科)(技)(的)(结)(合)(具)(有)(无)(比)(强)(盛)(的)(生)(命)(力)(和)(强)(大)(的)(效)(益)(。如)(果)(没)(有)(高)(科)(技)(的)(植)(入)(,全)(球)(将)(永)(远)(停)(留)(在)(传)(统)(阶)(段)(,例)(如)(,取)(款)(必)(须)(要)(拿)(着)(身)(份)(证)(到)(银)(行)(去)(核)(查)(之)(后)(才)(允)(许)(,金)(融)(服)(务)(会)(受)(到)(时)(空)(的)(约)(束)(。当)(科)(技)(介)(入)(之)(后)(取)(款)(转)(款)(只)(需)(按)(一)(下)(手)(机)(就)(可)(以)(了)(,这)(就)(是)(科)(技)(的)(力)(量)(。未)(来)(科)(技)(对)(中)(国)(金)(融)(的)(渗)(透)(将)(会)(比)(以)(往)(任)(何)(时)(候)(更)(加)(明)(显)(。现)(在)(我)(们)(已)(经)(看)(出)(了)(这)(种)(趋)(势)(,科)(技)(已)(经)(或)(正)(在)(改)(变)(中)(国)(金)(融)(的)(业)(态)(,改)(变)(金)(融)(的)(基)(因)(,甚)(至)(改)(变)(传)(统)(金)(融)(理)(论)(的)(分)(析)(架)(构)(。也)(就)(是)(说)(,我)(们)(过)(去)(二)(三)(十)(年)(学)(习)(的)(那)(一)(套)(理)(论)(架)(构)(到)(了)(今)(天)(你)(会)(发)(现)(有)(一)(半)(都)(可)(能)(没)(有)(用)(了)(,因)(为)(金)(融)(的)(业)(态)(和)(功)(能)(发)(生)(了)(变)(化)(,金)(融)(的)(DNA发)(生)(了)(变)(化)(。例)(如)(,金)(融)(风)(险)(,虽)(然)(与)(以)(前)(从)(表)(象)(上)(看)(很)(相)(似)(,但)(实)(际)(上)(DNA发)(生)(了)(变)(化)(。就)(如)(同)(普)(通)(感)(冒)(与)(H7N9病)(毒)(一)(样)(,表)(现)(都)(是)(流)(鼻)(涕)(、发)(烧)(、咳)(嗽)(,外)(在)(症)(状)(相)(似)(,但)(是)(病)(毒)(发)(生)(了)(根)(本)(变)(化)(。科)(技)(的)(介)(入)(将)(会)(使)(得)(原)(来)(的)(一)(些)(最)(基)(础)(的)(概)(念)(,比)(如)(什)(么)(叫)(货)(币)(,谁)(来)(发)(行)(货)(币)(,货)(币)(怎)(么)(来)(划)(分)(等)(等)(都)(发)(生)(了)(变)(化)(。所)(以)(科)(技)(的)(力)(量)(是)(构)(建)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(重)(要)(因)(素)(。
当)(前)(,中)(国)(金)(融)(在)(全)(世)(界)(最)(有)(影)(响)(力)(的)(就)(是)(科)(技)(金)(融)(,或)(者)(说)(基)(于)(移)(动)(互)(联)(网)(的)(第)(三)(方)(支)(付)(。科)(技)(使)(得)(中)(国)(金)(融)(中)(的)(支)(付)(业)(态)(发)(生)(了)(革)(命)(性)(改)(变)(,这)(种)(变)(化)(推)(动)(了)(中)(国)(经)(济)(结)(构)(调)(整)(,加)(快)(了)(中)(国)(经)(济)(结)(构)(的)(转)(型)(。我)(们)(不)(能)(认)(为)(科)(技)(融)(入)(金)(融)(后)(风)(险)(就)(增)(大)(了)(,没)(有)(证)(据)(表)(明)(新)(金)(融)(比)(传)(统)(金)(融)(的)(风)(险)(更)(严)(重)(,新)(金)(融)(也)(不)(可)(能)(回)(到)(传)(统)(金)(融)(。人)(类)(社)(会)(进)(步)(的)(动)(力)(就)(是)(科)(技)(。
第)(三)(,现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(一)(定)(是)(开)(放)(的)(。这)(与)(现)(代)(经)(济)(体)(系)(是)(一)(样)(的)(。从)(某)(种)(意)(义)(上)(来)(说)(,中)(国)(金)(融)(是)(全)(球)(金)(融)(体)(系)(中)(最)(具)(有)(增)(长)(功)(能)(的)(一)(级)(,中)(国)(金)(融)(市)(场)(特)(别)(是)(资)(本)(市)(场)(成)(为)(国)(际)(金)(融)(中)(心)(,也)(是)(中)(国)(构)(建)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(题)(中)(之)(义)(和)(必)(然)(要)(求)(。
2009年)(5月)(,国)(务)(院)(提)(出)(到)(2020年)(,要)(把)(上)(海)(建)(设)(成)(与)(中)(国)(经)(济)(和)(金)(融)(环)(境)(相)(匹)(配)(的)(国)(际)(金)(融)(中)(心)(。这)(意)(味)(着)(届)(时)(人)(民)(币)(可)(自)(由)(兑)(换)(一)(定)(实)(现)(了)(。人)(民)(币)(自)(由)(兑)(换)(、自)(由)(交)(易)(,也)(是)(构)(建)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(应)(有)(之)(意)(。
去)(年)(10月)(1日)(,人)(民)(币)(正)(式)(加)(入)(SDR货)(币)(篮)(子)(,权)(重)(为)(10.92%,超)(越)(英)(镑)(、日)(元)(,位)(列)(第)(三)(位)(,但)(是)(作)(为)(全)(球)(储)(备)(货)(币)(真)(正)(的)(市)(场)(份)(额)(没)(有)(这)(么)(高)(的)(比)(例)(,未)(来)(我)(们)(一)(定)(有)(信)(心)(超)(过)(这)(一)(比)(例)(。
吴)(晓)(球)(指)(出)(,随)(着)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(、国)(际)(金)(融)(中)(心)(的)(形)(成)(,外)(国)(资)(本)(可)(以)(在)(遵)(守)(中)(国)(法)(律)(的)(前)(提)(下)(进)(入)(中)(国)(资)(本)(市)(场)(进)(行)(投)(资)(,开)(放)(的)(、发)(达)(的)(、具)(有)(良)(好)(流)(动)(性)(的)(债)(券)(市)(场)(、股)(票)(市)(场)(是)(人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(后)(的)(重)(要)(回)(流)(机)(制)(,人)(民)(币)(国)(际)(化)(和)(国)(际)(金)(融)(中)(心)(的)(形)(成)(是)(中)(国)(构)(建)(现)(代)(金)(融)(体)(系)(的)(第)(三)(个)(必)(备)(要)(素)(。返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(
责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
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